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A health beautiful smile is the most obvious benefits of orthodontics. Crooked and crowded teeth are harder to clean and maintain. This can result in tooth decay, worsen gum disease and lead to tooth loss. Other orthodontic problems can contribute to abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing function, excessive stress on gum tissue and the bone that support the teeth, or misalignment of the jaws joints. Treatment by an orthodontist can be less costly than additional care required to treat dental problems arising as a result of orthodontic problems.

How Orthodontic Treatment Works:

Orthodontic appliances can be made of metal, ceramic or plastic. They may be removable or they may be brackets bonded to the teeth. By placing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction, braces slowly move teeth to a corrected position. This is a great time to wear braces! Gone are the days when a metal band with a bracket was placed around each tooth. You can often chosen brackets that are clear or metallic, and sometimes you can chosen the color of the ties that hold the wire in brackets. Wires are also less noticeable than they used to be and the latest materials move teeth faster with less discomfort to patients.

Duration of Treatment:

Treatment time typically ranges from one to three years, depending on the growth of the patient’s mouth and face and the severity of the problem. Patients grow at different rates and will respond variously to orthodontic treatment, so the time to case completion may differ from the original estimate. The Patient’s diligent use of any prescribed rubber bands or headgear is an important factor in achieving the most efficient treatment. Interceptive, or early treatment procedures, may take as few as six months.

Types of Braces and appliances:

1. Traditional Metal Braces

metal braces Metal Braces are the most common type of braces and are more comfortable today than even before. Made of high grade stainless steel, metal braces straighten your teeth using metal brackets and archwires. With metal braces, you have the option of adding colored elastics (ligature rings) for a more unique and colorful smile.

2. Ceramic Braces

metal braces Have you been thinking about getting braces but are concerned with the appearance that traditional metal braces offer? Perhaps you should consider clear / ceramic braces. For this reason, ceramic braces are used mainly on older teenagers and adult patients who have cosmetic concerns.

3. Gold Braces

metal braces Discover a new element in orthodontics… GOLD! The classic beauty and elegance of gold is now available in orthodontic braces. They are made of stainless steel but are uniquely coated in gold.

4. Lingual Braces

metal braces Lingual braces work in much the same way as their traditional counterparts. However there’s one important cosmetic difference; the lact of the usual metal supports on the front of your teeth. The key difference with Lingual braces is that they can be placed on the rear of your teeth, hiding the majority of the metal parts.

5. Invisalign

metal braces Invisalign uses a series of invisible, removable and comfortable aligners to straighten you teeth, and no one can tell you are wearing Invisalign because it’s invisible! Not only are the aligners invisible, they are removable, so you can eat and drink what you want while in treatment, plus brushing and flossing are less of a hassle.

6. Forsus Fixed Functional Appliances

metal braces The Forsus Fatigue Resistance Device is 3M unitek’s innovation for the correction of Class II jaw discrepancies. It may be placed in a single appointment. Its components are a telescopic spring on a small metal extension to provide light, continuous pressure on the teeth. Forsus also works with the exisitng braces and wires for simultaneous correction of the malocclusion.

7. Twin Force Bite Corrector

metal braces Twin force bite corrector was recently introduced for correction of class II malocclusion. It is a rigid fixed functional appliance. It introduces an oscillating force through the incorporation of coil spring within the cylinder/plunger system. Another advantage of it over HERBST is that it allows alteration of the vector of the intermaxillary force to a certain degree.

8. Twin Block Appliance

metal braces It is a myofunctional appliance used for the treatment of Class II malocclusion in the growing patient. It is made of acrylic plate cemented on the upper and lower jaws. It has to be placed in for 6-9 months for skeletal correction.

9. Orthopedic Appliances (Headgear)

metal braces Headgear is used to treat patients whose teeth are in overbite, with the upper jaw forward of the lower jaw or an “underbite” with the lower jaw forward of the uper jaw. Headgear gently “pulls” on your teeth to restrict further forward growth of your upper teeth and jaw.

10. Palatal Expander

metal braces The Palatal Expander “Expands”(or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you will wear the appliance for several months to solidify the expansion and to prevent regression.